Salpingectomy – surgery for fallopian tubes

What is a salpingectomy?

A salpingectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of one or both fallopian tubes. These tubes are responsible for transporting eggs from the ovaries to the uterus, where they can be fertilized by sperm and develop into a fetus.

The procedure is usually performed laparoscopically, which means that small incisions are made in the abdomen through which a camera and surgical instruments can be inserted. The surgeon then removes the affected portion of the tube or tube.

While a salpingectomy may sound like an extreme measure, it can often provide significant benefits for women .

Who gets a salpingectomy?

This procedure can be performed on women for various reasons, such as medical conditions and personal choices. In one of the following instances, salpingectomy is often recommended

  • Women who have been diagnosed with certain health conditions like ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cancer, and endometriosis may require a salpingectomy to improve their overall health outcomes.
  • Women who carry genetic mutations that increase the risk of ovarian cancer may also opt for preventive salpingectomies.
  • Some women choose to undergo salpingectomy as part of their family planning methods. They might decide to remove their fallopian tubes instead of undergoing traditional sterilization procedures like tubal ligation or hysterectomy. This procedure is highly effective at preventing pregnancy and eliminates the need for other contraceptive methods such as hormonal birth control pills or intrauterine devices (IUDs).
  • Salpingectomies are typically recommended by doctors when other treatments fail or pose significant risks to patients' reproductive systems. The decision to undergo this surgery should always be made after careful consideration and consultation with healthcare professionals.

Women from all walks of life get salpingectomies for different reasons ranging from personal choice to medical necessity. It's crucial always to seek out professional advice before making any decisions about your reproductive health.

What are the different types of salpingectomy?

Two types of salpingectomy procedures can be performed: partial and total.

  • Partial salpingectomy: This involves the removal of a portion of the fallopian tube while leaving some intact for future fertility options. This procedure is often recommended to women who have experienced an ectopic pregnancy or have blocked tubes due to scarring.
  • Total salpingectomy: This involves the complete removal of both fallopian tubes. This procedure is typically recommended for women who have completed their family planning or those at high risk for developing ovarian cancer.

 Both procedures can be performed through traditional open surgery or minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery.

Note: Laparoscopic surgery offers smaller incisions and typically results in less pain and quicker recovery time compared to open surgery.

 It's important to discuss with your healthcare provider which type of salpingectomy may be best suited for your individual needs and circumstances.

Risks and Benefits

What are the risks of having a salpingectomy?

As with any surgery, there are risks associated with having a salpingectomy. It is important to discuss these risks with your healthcare provider before deciding if this procedure is right for you.

  • Bleeding: One potential risk of salpingectomy is bleeding during or after the surgery. This can sometimes require additional medical intervention to control and may lead to a longer recovery time.
  • Infection: Another risk is an infection at the site of the incision or within the pelvic area. Your healthcare provider will likely prescribe antibiotics and closely monitor you for signs of infection after the procedure.
  • Damage to surrounding organs: In rare cases, damage to surrounding organs such as the bladder or bowel may occur during surgery. This can lead to more serious complications that may require further medical attention.
  • Fertility: There is also a small chance that scarring from the procedure could cause blockages in other areas of the reproductive system, potentially leading to fertility issues down the line.

 While there are certain risks associated with having a salpingectomy, they are generally considered low-risk procedures when performed by experienced healthcare providers in properly equipped facilities.

What are the advantages of getting a salpingectomy?

There are several advantages to getting a salpingectomy, also known as the surgery for fallopian tubes. One of the main benefits is that it can effectively prevent pregnancy. By removing both or one of your fallopian tubes, you eliminate the possibility of fertilization occurring within them.

  • Low risk of ovarian cancer: Another advantage is that it reduces your risk of ovarian cancer. Studies have shown that women who undergo a salpingectomy have a lower chance of developing ovarian cancer compared to those who haven't had the procedure.
  • Low chance of ectopic pregnancy: Furthermore, having a salpingectomy can also decrease the likelihood of experiencing an ectopic pregnancy - where fertilized eggs implant outside the uterus - which can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
  • Peace of mind: Some women may experience peace of mind after undergoing this procedure knowing they won't get pregnant accidentally and can rely on alternative forms of birth control without worrying about failure rates.

Procedure Details

How do I prepare for a salpingectomy?

Preparing for a salpingectomy is an important step towards ensuring that the procedure goes smoothly. Your healthcare provider will give you specific instructions on how to prepare, but here are some general guidelines to keep in mind.

  • First, it is important to disclose any medications or supplements you are taking with your healthcare provider.
  • Certain medications may need to be stopped before surgery as they can increase the risk of bleeding during and after the procedure.
  • You may also be asked not to eat or drink anything for a certain period before the surgery. This is typically done so that your stomach is empty during the procedure, which reduces complications such as nausea and vomiting.
  • Additionally, it is important to arrange transportation for after the surgery as you won't be able to drive yourself home. You should also plan on having someone stay with you at least overnight following the surgery in case there are any complications.
  • Make sure you ask any questions or voice any concerns about preparing for your salpingectomy with your healthcare provider beforehand so that everything goes smoothly on the day of surgery.

What happens after a salpingectomy?

After a salpingectomy, you will be moved to a recovery room where your healthcare provider will monitor your vital signs such as blood pressure and heart rate. They may also administer pain medication to help alleviate any discomfort you may experience.

  • You may feel some pain or discomfort in the area where the surgery was performed, which is normal. Your healthcare provider will provide instructions on how to care for yourself after the procedure, including what activities you should avoid and how long you should rest.
  • It's important to note that after a salpingectomy, it's still possible to get pregnant through IVF (in vitro fertilization). However, if both fallopian tubes have been removed, natural conception is no longer possible.
  • Your healthcare provider will schedule follow-up appointments with you to ensure that your recovery is progressing well. They will also discuss any potential risks or complications associated with the surgery and answer any questions you may have about future fertility options.
  • While every person's experience post-salpingectomy can vary slightly based on individual factors like health status and age - most people can expect some initial pain/discomfort but can look forward to returning home soon enough!


When should you see your healthcare provider after a salpingectomy?

After undergoing a salpingectomy, it is important to follow up with your healthcare provider as recommended. The timing of your follow-up visits may vary depending on the reason for your surgery and the type of procedure you had.

  • Your healthcare provider will likely want to see you within a few weeks after your surgery to ensure that you are healing properly and experiencing no complications. During this visit, they will examine the incision site, check for any signs of infection or inflammation, and assess your overall recovery progress.
  • If you have any concerns or questions about your recovery during the first few weeks following surgery, don't hesitate to contact your healthcare provider. They can guide pain management strategies and other aspects of post-operative care.
  • In some cases, additional follow-up appointments may be necessary to monitor long-term outcomes after a salpingectomy. For example, if you had the procedure done as part of cancer treatment, regular imaging tests may need to be scheduled at specific intervals to detect any recurrence or spread of cancer cells.
  • It's important not to skip these follow-up appointments even if you feel completely healed from surgery. Your healthcare provider will be able to catch potential issues early on through routine monitoring which is essential for maintaining optimal health post-surgery.

Key Takeaway:

  • A salpingectomy, or surgery for fallopian tubes, is a surgical procedure that removes one or both of a woman's fallopian tubes.
  • This procedure is often necessary due to medical reasons such as ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • It is also used as a form of permanent birth control.
  • The procedure is usually performed laparoscopically, and women should consult with their healthcare provider before deciding whether to undergo the surgery.
Frequently asked questions
  1. Is Salpingectomy a major surgery?
  2. Can you have a baby after salpingectomy?
  3. Do you get a period after salpingectomy?
  4. What is removed during a salpingectomy?
    Fallopian tubes
Dr Purva Singh
IVF Specialist